It’s Time We Talked About “6 Education” ……

We’ve alluded to it for months.  It’s something we’d rather not discuss because of what it implies.  Its importance goes without saying.  But, we can’t rely on learning about it from unreliable sources or attempting it on our own.  The ramifications are too significant.  That’s why we must talk about “6 Education” to prevent any misunderstanding.

Training, focused and effective training that is, should be an element of a business plan as much as a detailed budget.  The fact is employee training can make or break a budget.  I don’t mean the cost of training, but the benefit of training.  A well designed and executed training plan has everything to do with quality and productivity.  Mishaps, whether they are close calls or injuries, cost time and money.  Trained employees working under trained supervisors have the best opportunity to be safely working.  Remember, a Safely Working Environment means 100% Safe 100% of the Time.

The tendency is to do one type of training – wall-to-wall training – the same training for everyone.  Great in concept – everyone gets the same information, but that’s all it is, information.  For training to have a chance to be effective it must be designed and delivered in a manner consistent with job responsibilities and conditions.  That means one size fits all training is not an option.  But it doesn’t have to be complicated.

The Safely Working Project has a simple approach to training that leverages the concepts described in Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains.  The learning domains are Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor – or more simply: knowledge, attitude and skills.  Each domain is characterized by specific characteristics that describe a desired learning outcome.  Each succeeding outcome within a domain represents an increased level of capability.  That means employees that have reached higher levels of capability are candidates for greater responsibility.  Better yet, those employees with more responsibility need increased levels of training to maximize their capabilities.

Back to our approach to training.  We have used Bloom’s Learning Domains to help define logical categories of training groups within an organization.  These categories also factor experience and responsibility.  Ultimately, Bloom’s Domains are used to establish specific learning objectives for training.  The 6 training groups are:

  • Unassigned employees – New employees
  • Assigned employees – Employees newly assigned to a specific job or department; required work area specific knowledge of activity requirements
  • Authorized employees – Employee with special training and experience to complete activities and tasks that require additional skill and responsibility
  • Leaders – A supervisor, foreman, team leader responsible for one of more employees and their activities
  • Experts – A competent person, qualified person or other necessary expertise to support on-going specialized activities and tasks
  • Managers – A person, other than a “Leader” that is responsible for coordinating overall activities and support from outside the work area

By their labels we can see a hierarchy that suggests different or increasing levels of training needed for each group.   Actually, the top of the hierarchy are the experts, not managers.  Managers need to have certain knowledge and expertise.   They might have been experts in the past, but may no longer be providing and maintaining that expertise.  Managers usually have the big picture and the ability to interact effectively with Leaders and Experts.

We will further define each training group and provide guidance on exactly what training objectives are needed in coming posts.  Remember, establishing a budget is challenging at first.  But once the structure and function is determined it serves as a template that makes the process easy to revise and amend.  The same holds for a training plan.

Your assignment is to review these links to gain a basic understanding of the Learning Domains.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloom%27s_Taxonomy

http://www.businessballs.com/bloomstaxonomyoflearningdomains.htm

There is an exam.  (optional, never mind)

 

©2015 The Safely Working Project & P.D. Shafer III

“Safe 6” is a registered trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.
“Safely Working” is a trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.

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While we believe what The Safely Working Project is promoting is useful to all employers and safety professionals, our efforts are directed at those small businesses that can’t afford or don’t have a safety professional to facilitate workplace safety.

The Safely Working Project is an approach to workplace safety that is driven by employees and supervisors.  This is fundamentally different from the traditional Safety Program where an EHS Professional manages workplace safety.  So, instead of top down safety, Safely Working™ endeavors to succeed from the ground up. “We’re turning safety upside down.”

 

 

Step 5: Operate and Complete the Task Skillfully

operateThe Do’s – Complete task only if you are trained and authorized. Know what’s going on around you.  Complete a visual inventory of what else is happening that could be distracting.  Remove all distractions.  Attend to the task with focus. Shutdown and protect equipment when taking breaks or talking to other workers.

 

See “The Safe 6 Pack

©2015 The Safely Working Project & P.D. Shafer III

“Safe 6” is a registered trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.
“Safely Working” is a trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.

∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼

While we believe what The Safely Working Project is promoting is useful to all employers and safety professionals, our efforts are directed at those small businesses that can’t afford or don’t have a safety professional to facilitate workplace safety.

The Safely Working Project is an approach to workplace safety that is driven by employees and supervisors.  This is fundamentally different from the traditional Safety Program where an EHS Professional manages workplace safety.  So, instead of top down safety, Safely Working™ endeavors to succeed from the ground up. “We’re turning safety upside down.”

NESHTA 37th Annual Conference

I will be speaking at the NESHTA 37th Annual Conference in Rochester, New York on July 21. The title of my presentation is “Safe 6: Key to a Safely Working Environment.”  The NESHTA Conference is being conducted in association with the 2015 PETE Instructor Conference.  Please come to my presentation if you will be attending the conference.

Wall-to-Wall Carpeting or Area Rugs?

Is your training like wall-to-wall carpeting or is it thoughtfully laid out with area rugs.  Wall-to-wall covers more, but is it the best?  Over the next few posts we will discuss The Safely Working Project’s approach and guidance for employee training.

First, let’s see what employee training might be necessary based on what OSHA says.  Here are some selected phrases from various OSHA training requirements:

Employees shall be informed…   Review the plan with employees…   Employee training shall include…   Recognition and preventive measures for safety hazards…   Instructed as to the hazards of their respective jobs…   Work procedures applicable to these hazards…   Operating and inspecting the equipment…   The training shall establish employee proficiency in the duties…

Keep in mind OSHA has no specific training standard that establishes what constitutes training.  More importantly, not every OSHA regulation includes training requirements.  If we train only to what OSHA specifies is that enough?  Definitely not.  Training should be based on the work area conditions and employee activities; think MOTELS.  Besides that, there are several other important aspects of employee training that shape an effective training plan.

With the above in mind, let’s consider a concise, yet encompassing mission statement for employee training.  It might go like this:

Our employees will be informed and familiar with all processes, policies, plans, programs, practices and procedures relevant to their duties;  Employees will be trained to establish proficiency in their respective jobs to recognize the dangers, prepare and organize the workspace, inspect and check equipment, control the conditions, operate with skill, and guard against mishaps.

Does that look familiar?  In the recent post A Place for Everything, we discussed the 6 priorities that describe how an employer implements Safely Working.  Safe 6®, as simple as it is, is comprehensive and has the rest covered.  A quick review of Safe 6 can be found here.

You may think that the best way to train is with a wall-to-wall carpet approach.  But that means the carpet nap, padding, fiber and density are all the same.  Yet, effective training can’t have the same objectives, content, scope, and delivery across the board.  Just as you’d want a different carpet in different rooms, you need different training in different work areas.  So different training approaches might be more appropriate just like different area rugs may be better than wall-to-wall carpet.

There is much to discuss so stay tuned, we’ll be back with more useful information and guidance on employee training for a Safely Working™ Environment.

 

©2015 The Safely Working Project & P.D. Shafer III

“Safe 6” is a registered trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.
“Safely Working” is a trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.

∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼

While we believe what The Safely Working Project is promoting is useful to all employers and safety professionals, our efforts are directed at those small businesses that can’t afford or don’t have a safety professional to facilitate workplace safety.

The Safely Working Project is an approach to workplace safety that is driven by employees and supervisors.  This is fundamentally different from the traditional Safety Program where an EHS Professional manages workplace safety.  So, instead of top down safety, Safely Working™ endeavors to succeed from the ground up. “We’re turning safety upside down.”

Step 4: Control Conditions and Remove Dangers

controlMake it Safe – Clear the workspace of all unneeded materials, equipment and other possible obstructions.  Complete applicable work permit requirements.  Post any required signs or permits and install barricades.  Have the permit reviewed and approved by your supervisor.  Put on required PPE.

 

See “The Safe 6 Pack

©2015 The Safely Working Project & P.D. Shafer III

“Safe 6” is a registered trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.
“Safely Working” is a trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.

∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼

While we believe what The Safely Working Project is promoting is useful to all employers and safety professionals, our efforts are directed at those small businesses that can’t afford or don’t have a safety professional to facilitate workplace safety.

The Safely Working Project is an approach to workplace safety that is driven by employees and supervisors.  This is fundamentally different from the traditional Safety Program where an EHS Professional manages workplace safety.  So, instead of top down safety, Safely Working™ endeavors to succeed from the ground up. “We’re turning safety upside down.”

Step 3: Inspect and Check all Equipment

inspectEliminate the Unexpected – Complete an inspection before you begin the task. Verify the location and operation of safety features. Review available records of past regular inspections. Don’t use the equipment if inspection and service is out of date; Remember, regular service and maintenance is a manufacturer’s requirement to assure safe operation.

 

See “The Safe 6 Pack

©2015 The Safely Working Project & P.D. Shafer III

“Safe 6” is a registered trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.
“Safely Working” is a trademark of Trailmarker Ltd.

∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼∼

While we believe what The Safely Working Project is promoting is useful to all employers and safety professionals, our efforts are directed at those small businesses that can’t afford or don’t have a safety professional to facilitate workplace safety.

The Safely Working Project is an approach to workplace safety that is driven by employees and supervisors.  This is fundamentally different from the traditional Safety Program where an EHS Professional manages workplace safety.  So, instead of top down safety, Safely Working™ endeavors to succeed from the ground up. “We’re turning safety upside down.”